In simple terms, diabetes refers to high blood sugar. All the carbohydrates we eat convert to sugar(glucose), and glucose is the primary energy source for body cells. In the meantime, insulin is controlling this glucose level working as an authorized person. (we know, blood is the transportation medium for all these glucose, enzymes, and things). Then you know what is happening with regards to glucose within our body. So, what are the possible root causes of having a high glucose level? If the authorized person(Insuline) is not present, then it calls Type 1 diabetes, and its cloud be due to a fault of beta cells found in pancreatic and insulin is produced by these cells. Another condition is body cells resist the activity between insulin, glucose, and cells; this condition calls type 2 diabetes. Apart from that, there can be many reasons to fail this system. But still, scientists are unable to find why these resistances and autoimmune(destroying of beta cells by immunity system: type1) happens. Here in this article, we are discussing facts about type 1 and type 2 diabetes also real root causes behind this disease and reliable and trustworthy treatments with attention to traditional medicines and today’s medicine.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
- Unexpected weight loss (this because of body cells are not getting energy results to the higher death rate of cells)
- Tiredness (cells are not getting glucose effectively)
- Increased thirst (This is because the body is trying to maintain blood glucose level itself by removing glucose with urine)
- Frequent urination (Described as previous)
- Blurred vision ( high blood sugar can damage the small blood vessels in the eyes resulting in blurry vision. due to the change of blood composition, whole-body getting damaged with time)
- Feeling angry (when people not getting enough energy from the food they feel angry and always lives under pressure)
- Slow healing of wounds and cuts (healing slowdowns by poor blood circulation and this happens when the blood glucose level is high)
- Small Wounds/patches on finger areas (This happens when someone has extremely high blood glucose level)
Symptoms and diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
Modern medicine says it is impossible to diagnose type 2 at the first stage, and there is no much observable difference between these two types. Since this condition is due to a genetic disorder (Syndrome) scientists are struggling to find proper treatments for this disease. But there is a well-known argument which says when scientists can’t explain something with current findings. It becomes a syndrome until if find. However, it is possible to diagnose type 2 diabetes through a contradictory method.
We know type one is due to autoimmune, and we can diagnose the presence of this autoimmune condition by conducting a blood test that looks for antibodies.
How to diagnose type 1 diabetes?
- Random blood glucose test. Usually measured after 2 hours of the main meal.
- Fasting blood sugar test. A blood sample is taken after 12 hours.
- A1C test (Glycated hemoglobin test). This test indicates the average blood sugar level for the past three months.
Following classification can be used to identify the stage of the disease.
Facts about generally prescribed medications for type 1 & 2 diabetes
Metformin ( Glipizide, Glucophage, Glyburide, Glumetza ) usually this is the first medication prescribed by 90% of doctors. This drug works for both types of diabetes (recommended for type2) at the early stage. Metformin does this by lowering the amount of glucose produced in the liver, and with the time, the dosage may need to increase. But now metformin has identified as one of the worst medicine for blood sugar.
Sulfonylureas ( DiaBeta, Glynase, Glucotrol, Amaryl, Glibenclamide). Sulfonylureas act by increasing insulin production from the beta cells in the pancreas (recommended for type2).
Thiazolidinediones. This is more similar to metformin.
Meglitinides. This is more similar to Sulfonylureas.
SGLT2 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists
Insulin. Early days this was the last choice, and this should inject to the body depending on the glucose level. This lowers all other side effects due to metformin and other medicines except low blood sugar.
Why should you not take metformin?
Metformin works by reducing the amount of glucose released by the liver into the bloodstream. It also makes your body respond better to insulin. This process could lead to total liver failure, and researchers have found this. Also, it is a well know but hidden truth among doctors who have worked at least 15 years as a doctor. You can find more facts about the drug used for type 1 & 2 diabetes from here.
Treatments for diabetes
Since we haven’t found out the actual root cause behind this disease, all the medicines are only to control blood sugar levels but not to cure the disease. But there are treatments in traditional medicines that can heal this disease successfully. To read about medications, please click here